A Linguistic 2-Tuple Based Environmental Impact Assessment for Maritime Port Projects: Application to Moa Port
Type of publication: Book Chapter
Year of publication: 2017
Editorial: Springer International Publishing
Number: Studies in Fuzziness and Soft Computing
ISSN number: 978-3-319-62358-0
Abstract: Maritime port operations usually comprise a spread spectrum of environmental challenges, which are often unique to each port site. For this reason, the Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) process has been developed for evaluating the impact of port operations on the environment, including its natural, social and economic aspects. In this chapter, an EIA model based on a 2-tuple linguistic model is proposed to assess the overall environmental impact of Moa Port in Cuba by using a doublematrix that represents impacts, which are characterized by multiple-criteria. The environmental impacts of factors and actions are also ranked from the most to the least risky. This EIA 2-tuple linguistic based model facilitates the handling of inherent uncertainty of criteria involved in an EIA problem by simplifying the sophisticated structure of the problem under consideration while computations are made without loss of information and provide a high interpretability of the EIA results.